Diabetes can affect people of all ages, and it exists in various types. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form. The good news is that with the right combination of treatments, you can lead a healthy life and reduce the risk of complications.
Taking positive steps to improve your health and wellness is key. Adopting a well-balanced diet, engaging in regular physical activity, and carefully managing your blood sugar levels can significantly contribute to better diabetes management. Additionally, regular check-ups with your healthcare provider and stay informed about the latest diabetes management strategies are essential for maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
Explain what Type 2 diabetes is
In people with type 2 diabetes, the body is unable to convert food into usable energy effectively. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, facilitates glucose uptake by cells. However, your cells become insulin-resistant, and your pancreas produces less insulin as you age. As a result, blood sugar levels become too high. Type 2 diabetes is associated with high blood sugar, which can cause a variety of health issues and even death if left untreated.
What causes type 2 diabetes
Insulin resistance in muscle, fat, and liver cells, followed by a drop in insulin production to regulate blood sugar, are the root causes of type 2 diabetes.
After eating, the beta cells of the islet of Langerhans (the pancreas) secrete insulin into the bloodstream in response to the rising glucose levels. Glucose molecules are directed to the target organ cells via binding to insulin receptors on the cell surfaces of muscle, adipose tissue, and the liver.
Insulin resistance, due to fat deposition at insulin receptors develops in the event of type 2 diabetes caused by a sedentary lifestyle, obesity, or decreased physical activity. Because of this, glucose molecules are unable to penetrate the cells of the intended organ.
How do you take care of Type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes may not be curable, but it can be effectively managed. Adopting a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet and regular exercise, is crucial in keeping it under control. In some cases, medication, like Januvia (Sitagliptin), might be necessary to assist in managing type 2 diabetes.
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Remember, taking proactive steps and following your doctor’s advice can help you lead a fulfilling life despite having type 2 diabetes. Maintaining a healthy blood sugar level can be accomplished with a blood glucose meter or CGM. Your doctor may also advise you to get your A1c checked regularly, take tablets, start insulin therapy, or inject non-insulin diabetes drugs.
Warning Signs of Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes mellitus symptoms often manifest over time and include the following:
- The sensation of thirst, hunger, and the need to urinate more frequently.
- Getting Slimmer
- Numbness or tingling in the fingers or toes.
- Scars take a long time to heal.
- Poor eyesight
- Discoloration of the skin, most often in the nape and armpits